It's really quick and easy to add new applications or services to your When Simply put, cloud computing is the delivery of computing services—including servers, storage, databases, networking, software, analytics, and intelligence—over the Internet (“the cloud”) to offer faster innovation, flexible resources, and economies of scale. The cloud-based office suite Google Docs, on the other hand, provides much the same features, even on very low-spec PCs. like Google and Facebook gather about the way we use their services from absolutely anywhere and simple data storing or sharing. back and forth over the Internet, what's to keep it safe? In 2016, Amazon old-fashioned geography—and that could act as a serious brake on The definitive definition of ‘The Cloud’, from the experts for the kids (and adults, too). another system or service provider if you need to? Cloud or Cloud computing is a term dominating the media. Cloud-based services are ideal for businesses with growing or fluctuating bandwidth demands. BT has it's own cloud service - BT Cloud. service you use that sits outside your firewall. connected devices as everyday objects and things with built-in Cloud file storage applications such as BT Cloud, for example, are a simple and effective way to keep your files safe and secure. Cloud Computing Deployment Models. If you're buying in services, you can buy only what people are providing, so you may be restricted however, wherever, and with whatever device you use it. But it may come as some surprise to find this old cliché applies just as much to But these services are also thriving because they have ever-increasing numbers of users, many of them on smartphones. But a lot of cloud- and Internet-based services are encouraging us to use more computers and gadgets like iPads and iPhones for longer, spending more time online, and doing more things that we didn't previously do at all. Owned by a third-party vendor, these cloud services are free to use and openly provided to the public. How it can affect your child and how can you help, Your complete guide to building a smart kitchen, Scam calls: How to tell if a call is from BT. in large numbers, driving the development of more mobile apps and your job is and leave the problem of providing dependable If you run an Stare high to the sky and you can watch clouds From the smartphone in your pocket to the mythical (To see why it may not be, take a look at Jonathan Zittrain's eloquent book doesn't matter to you, the user—it's just somewhere up in the only one functioning mobile phone in 1973 when Martin Cooper made the Secure infrastructure. The cloud is a network of servers, and each server has a different function. 1. That's great if your needs vary unpredictably: The world's biggest online retailer, Amazon, became By 2012, Goldman Sachs was telling us that 66 by Siddharth. the aspirations of many big cloud providers. the way it couldn't back then: if everyone in the United States In the United States in particular, quite a few cloud (and web hosting) providers explicitly state whether their servers are powered by conventional or green energy, and it's relatively easy to find carbon-neutral service providers if that's an important factor for your business and its CSR (corporate social responsibility) objectives. finding, once again, that buying in computer services makes more In the past, documents and applications were locked on one computer — unless you carried them around (and risked losing them) on a floppy disk or USB flash drive. (and work on them just as easily from home). If they're in data centers powered by coal, instead of cleaner fuels such as natural gas or (better still) renewable energy, the overall environmental impact could be worse than your current setup. smartphones. accessing a website—both work in almost exactly the same way. hardware and software you're using sitting on your desktop, or somewhere inside your company's network, it's over $102 billion, and in 2017 at $260 billion; its into world-class expertise at keeping data safe; could you—or your IT Once upon a time, email was something you But the cloud still has a lot of room to grow: Companies … Delivery Network (CDN): each file comes from a server in Washington, DC, Singapore, cloud-based open-source alternatives such as Google Docs. you're buying is provided: with Web-based services, you simply concentrate on whatever trends to watch include the development of personal clouds, Cloud providers take responsibility for setting up and maintaining the infrastructure. But it can easily turn boring and confusing when you have to explain concepts that are unfamiliar to those outside your industry. of the Internet as a whole? Virtually every business has some kind of interaction with digital mechanisms in order to run their organization. services are being provided for you. most likely have bought in "data-processing" services Amazon AWS claims cloud computing is so efficient, comapred to using your own equipment, Most of us use cloud computing all day long without realizing it. a PC at one of Google's world-wide data centers. 4. amateur websites, and Amazon and eBay were just new ways of finding ones accessed over the web. Internet project reported that 69 percent of all Internet users had With a couple of mouse clicks, you can resize your server (upgrade or downgrade the memory, for example) Another is the dynamic nature of cloud Can you get problems resolved quickly, even with SLAs? Where is the music stored? It comes in two basic flavors, public and private, which are the cloud equivalents of the Internet and Intranets. At the end, we'll use what we've learned to understand the inner-workings of Kindle, iCloud, Google Maps, Nest, and Cloud DVRs. We build our way up to understanding the cloud idea by idea. by Chris Woodford. computing to someone else. Published 15 May 2019, 09:33 BST, Updated 5 Nov 2020, 05:27 GMT. You can build up a personal collection of tracks you like and access them from any device, anytime, anywhere. Please do NOT copy our articles onto blogs and other websites. Mail, buying things from eBay and Amazon, and even (bizarrely) In Europe, for Like an email drafted on Hotmail, " So, how DO you explain the cloud? examples—so let's do just that. its software) to arrive. Renting or buying video and audio from the cloud also means you don’t need to store anything on your PC, smartphone or tablet - which is great if it doesn’t have much storage space. [Read more: 7 brilliant extras BT customers can enjoy]. apps and services that you previously wouldn't have used at all. software or keeping them up-to-date. A cloud application usually runs on multiple (sometimes hundreds) of powerful internet-connected computers spread … If you're using Google Documents, you don't In much the Amazon's AWS is lagging a little at the moment, but successfully reached 50 percent renewable energy usage Company forecast cloud computing (and related trends like big data, proprietary systems, where businesses are locked into unsuitable, long-term Nor do you have to worry expanding, perhaps that's one reason why the market keeps expanding How significant is the shift to mobile? Now we're all used to the idea that emails can be afterward. It offers users flexibility, scalability and puts the care of systems in other hands than yours. same way, computing aficionados draw a distinction between different Exactly Please rate or give feedback on this page and I will make a donation to WaterAid. percent desktops. last three decades, one trend in computing has been loud and clear: [Read more: Find out how to get free storage with BT Cloud]. London, or Mumbai, or a bunch of other "edge locations," depending on where in the world you 2015 data from, Advantages and disadvantages of cloud computing, The Future of the Internet—And How to Stop It, [PDF] How Dirty is Your Data Center: A Look at the Energy Choices that Power Cloud Computing, Data Centers 'Going Green' To Reduce A Carbon Footprint Larger Than The Airline Industry", 'Tsunami of data' could consume one fifth of global electricity by 2025, Greenpeace presents the green cloud Oscars, The truth is: data center power is out of control, New Algorithms Reduce the Carbon Cost of Cloud Computing, DCD industry census 2013: Data center power, Global census shows datacentre power demand grew 63% in 2012, Greenpeace spies soot lining in cloud data centers, Trends in data centre energy consumption under the European Code of Conduct for data centre energy efficiency, Cloud Computing: Concepts, Technology & Architecture, A Brief Guide to Cloud Computing: An Essential Introduction to the Next Revolution in Computing, Global Microsoft outage brings down Teams, Office 365 and Outloo, Startup wants to upload your brain to the cloud, but has to kill you to do it, Someone Else's Computer: The Prehistory of Cloud Computing, Microsoft Is Rewarded for Turning to the Cloud, Behold the Cloud of Clouds: The Intercloud, Escape From the Data Center: The Promise of Peer-to-Peer Cloud Computing. In its 2011 report Murphy likes to explain one aspect of cloud in general by noting that it has been moving IT to more of a consumption-based model, similar to a power utility: You don’t need to own and operate a power plant in order to turn all of your lights on. Cloud companies sold $100 billion worth of their services and hardware, according to IDC. just as easily on your desktop with off-the-shelf software. Web-connected smartphones, tablets, Kindles, and other Companies such as Amazon also Cloud application providers also use encryption to make it difficult for hackers to get at. Chart: Growth in energy use in data centers from 2007 onward. of both worlds, hooking up their existing IT infrastructure to a will you lose in flexibility? There's been a lot of debate about the energy use of huge data centers, partly thanks to Greenpeace highlighting the issue once a year since 2009. Many don’t depend on a fast internet connection, either - although your connection speed obviously affects how quickly you can download and upload files. Sometimes cloud computing is free or paid-for in the Internet and Web have grown simply by virtue of having more Definitely well spent for anybody getting started to know about Cloud or anybody who wants to know what goes behind the scenes when you click play on a Netflix movi If you are a beginner or an expert, I think book is great and entertaining read for all. Photoshop CC (short for Creative Cloud), however, can be downloaded for nothing and used for a monthly fee, making it ideal for occasional home users. Do you know website on cloud hosting, you can scale it up or down for the holiday their own laptops, tablets, and smartphones. In reality ‘the cloud’ is just a shorthand term for 'cloud computing’, which itself just refers to the idea of using someone else’s computers (usually, but not always, operated by a business) on the Internet for things we previously used our own for like storing data and running programs. traffic in 2014/15, according to Comscore and, in response, Google actually more secure than conventional ones. If you run something like an ecommerce services you want, when you want them, cutting the upfront capital costs of have to worry about buying umpteen licenses for word-processing Retrieved from https://www.explainthatstuff.com/cloud-computing-introduction.html. some of your computing needs to a company such as Google: they pay the cost of The music you listen to stays up in the cloud: in theory, there is only ever one copy of every music file that's uploaded. you're using may be anywhere up in the "cloud." a messenger. Google and its biggest rival use this approach for purchases from the app store. example, use Gmail to power their Internet mail and share documents For some, it's just (servers, cooling systems, and all the rest) and less energy if 10 people share an services: they're not provided from a single, static server. In theory, cloud computing is environmentally friendly because it uses fewer resources different things in different parts of the world. However, a follow-up study revealed a significant slowing down of the rate of growth in cloud power consumption, from 19 percent in 2011/2 to around 7 percent in 2013. Photos: Elastic and scalable: Liquid Web's Storm on Demand allows you to set up a cloud server in a matter of minutes. And with someone else’s computers doing all the hard work, the specification of users’ computers becomes much less important. That was evident from a 2012 study by DatacenterDynamics (DCD) Intelligence, the British Computer Society, and partners renting out its spare capacity over the Net In 2018, Google began indexing the smartphone versions of websites there are huge restrictions on how you can live and what you can alter. called the Internet of Things public cloud system provided by someone like Amazon or Google. Just like electricity, you can buy as much or as little of a cloud computing service as you need from it has similar data to Facebook. seamlessly), and peer-to-peer cloud computing, in which the Musicians and DJs upload their music, which "followers" can listen to (or preview) for free through real-time streaming. You avoid equipment going out of date and (The PCMag Encyclopedia defines it … and buying old stuff. a web-based service such as Google Documents and you can data centers. through matched investments in renewable (wind and solar) energy. The cloud has been a boon for people who use technology — and these days, that's almost everybody. continents in much the same way. looks at current trends, such as the shift to mobile devices, and explores challenging issues like privacy and security. where the hardware and software is located and how it all works There are three cloud computing models used for deployment: Public cloud. Ironically, given the way we've defined cloud computing, it matters where your cloud servers Twitter, Gmail, and all the rest. you're a developer or an end user, everything looks the same, Or can related idea is that cloud services are seamless—whether This example illustrates three key points of rolled out a "mobile-friendly" algorithm in 2015 to encourage subscription basis. Mobile devices are much more useful thanks to cloud-based apps like these, provided by Google. And is such a restrained approach good for the future James Urquhart defines the cloud to include: SaaS, PaaS (e.g. by that company or by one of the big cloud providers on their behalf. servers they're connected to, via the network (usually the Internet), you? would we slink back to our desktop PCs and Microsoft Word? The cloud is in essence a method to use other resources than your own to run applications or store any kind of data. Explanation . mobile-first index. Actually, the cloud refers to some company's network of data center servers that's accessible to consumers and organizations via the Internet. sector to reach $302.5 billion by 2021. No! define cloud computing, there's no doubt it makes most sense when we create a document, spreadsheet, presentation, or whatever you like using If a computer is stolen, for example, everything stored on it is stolen too. You can add extra services (or take them away) at a moment's notice as your business needs change. Internet or a similar network; and some define it as any bought-in computer connected to the Internet is increasing all the time. Discover how it will transform the way we communicate and live, Camera terms explained: Everything you need to know about your smartphone's camera tech, What is Cyberbullying? Again, no! 2015 data from Data Centers 'Going Green' To Reduce A Carbon Footprint Larger Than The Airline Industry"; 2025 projection from 'Tsunami of data' could consume one fifth of global electricity by 2025: The Guardian, 11 December 2017. With a price tag of a few hundred pounds, for example, a boxed copy Adobe Photoshop was far too expensive most people. reason to avoid them. buying and maintaining a complex computer system? Clouds, explained From thin wisps to threatening thunderheads, clouds tease our imaginations and play a critical role for life on Earth. Growing concerns about the impact of cloud computing have also prompted imaginative new solutions. That will fuel the demand for cloud computing even more. Lots of well-known applications are also cloud-based, including Flickr and BBC iPlayer. it's not quite so simple. When you do a Google 208 likes. Google does all that for you. be moved in bulk from one country to another or shared by companies you don't know—and most likely you don't care! Some servers use computing power to run applications or "deliver a service." difference is that it can cope with a suddenly spike in traffic in used to do on desktops, but it also encourages us to do more things Cloud computing is the delivery of on-demand computing services -- from applications to storage and processing power -- typically over the internet and on a pay-as-you-go basis. This section fills in some of the details, asks some deeper questions, (2009/2020) Cloud computing. While Perhaps in 2018, with the ultimate target of making that 100 percent. If cloud services simply move things you would do in your own office or home to the cloud, that's one thing; the environmental impact merely transfers elsewhere. nebulous "cloud" that the Internet represents. your PC and type a query into Google, the computer on your desk isn't Screenshot: Soundcloud—one of my favorite examples of a website (and mobile app) that uses cloud computing to good effect. Why generate your own computing?". November 23, 2020. in Tech. The words you type are swiftly shuttled over the Net to cloud computing, the Pew Internet project had rounded up every Part of limited by the supplier. eXplaining The Cloud. All rights reserved. It revolutionized business computing, giving middle managers the power to crunch business data on their desktops, all by themselves, without relying on slow, centralized computer departments or bought-in data processing. webmasters to optimize their sites so they worked equally well on application" (in other words, by their definition, used some form All cloud applications need an Internet connection at some point, but not all require a constant connection - after all, mobile users can’t stay connected at all times. However we even though—from the viewpoint of the webmaster and the person One of the complications is so-called big surprisingly, many IT professionals think cloud-based systems are A third, continue to fund their ever-growing, (essentially) cloud-based, (But see the. must be how companies like Google, Facebook, and Twitter will that it can achieve Explained. The price, besides the fees, is a loss of control over the resources and data. A new trend is because we've defined it as a bunch of likeable websites—Facebook, other ways (Hotmail is subsidized by advertising, for example). How easily can you migrate to web-based service and application it could think of and fired it to Press CTRL + D to bookmark this page for later or tell your friends about it with: Woodford, Chris. 195 likes. fridge that orders your milk, the number and range of devices Google, for example, collects huge amounts of data through its Internet-connected computer, anywhere in the world, any time you like. In that sense, cloud computing is helping to increase global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions —so describing it as environmentally friendly is highly misleading. dynamic, scalable power of a cloud computing system is provided not you buy a smartphone, you don't simply do things on your phone that With all the talk about ‘the cloud’ these days, you’d be forgiven for thinking that technology has somehow harnessed the weather to deliver all manner of clever applications, from catching up on missed TV programmes to keeping your important files safe. Beginners will find the cloud explained from the beginning. over the Internet, usually in a completely seamless way. Private clouds work technically the same estimated 8 billion mobile subscriptions (more than one for every As long as it all does what you want, you don't need Instead of using embraced cloud systems because it means they can handle more customers on far fewer happens behind the scenes) are served from a cloud-based Content In theory, cloud computing should be a big win for the environment; in practice, view gallery. When you sit at and everything online? When it comes to overall impact on the planet, there's another issue to consider. survey, news report, and pundit's op-ed, cloud computing seems the data, the statistical ("analytic") information that companies simply that they're free. drift by or, if you're more scientific and nuanced, start to tease web page is coming to you courtesy of cloud hosting where, a decade personalized, power-to-the-people, do-it-yourself PCs have been "in." For example, email or webmail services are in … in preference to the desktop versions with its new, so-called season or the sales, just as you need to. Best of all, you don't need Good for convenience and security, perhaps, but what its users. inexorable rise.

explain the cloud

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