The female’s snout is as long as its body; while the male’s snout is somewhat shorter. Larvae pupate in late summer or fall. Each female weevil can oviposit 30 to 54 eggs; therefore, one weevil could affect as many as 15 to 27 or as few as 7 to 13 pecans, assuming there are two to four larvae per nut, respectively. Larvae feed inside the nuts from late summer through the fall, growing and developing through several stages (instars). Adults cause two types of nut damage, depending on the stage of nut development during attack. The larvae leave the nut and burrow into the soil, remaining there for two to three years before emerging as adults to commence another cycle. 0000003397 00000 n Google Scholar. (Photo by Bill Ree) During my time as the pecan IPM specialist for Texas A&M AgriLife Extension, I have written several articles for Pecan South on pecan weevil management, but for this month instead of a management focus, I would like to address the potential spread of pecan weevil to new areas. Larvae chew a clean, round, BB-sized hole in the shell—easily identified as pecan weevil damage (Fig. Creamy white, legless grubs with reddish-brown heads were also found inside pecans infested with pecan weevil larvae. • Pecan weevil larvae are legless, plump, and creamy white, and their bodies have multiple segments. Adults of pecan weevil generally emerge from soil in late July to August and move in the tree canopy by either crawling on the trunk or directly flying. The adult is a brownish weevil, about 3/8 inch long. To control the weevil, it is recommended to target with … Lesser weevil grubs eat through the shells after the nuts drop. The pecan weevil, Curculio caryae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is an obligate feeder on the nuts of North American hickories and pecans (Carya species), most widely recognized as an economically important pest of the pecan, Carya illinoinensis (Fagales: Juglandaceae). 0000001298 00000 n Once the larvae hatch, they feed on the kernel for about 35 days. The majority of adults emerge from the soil during August and the first week of September. The female’s snout is as long as its body; while the male’s snout is somewhat shorter. Later in the season when pecan nuts are present, moths deposit eggs singly on the nuts. As of 1999, pecan weevil had been found in 131 Texas counties (Fig. Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas A&M College of Agrculture and Life Sciences, For additional information, contact your local. Larvae are fat, creamy-white, legless, C-shaped grubs, 9-15 mm long, with reddish-brown heads. Pecan weevil larvae (4 th instar), collected from infested nuts on the USDA-ARS Research Station (Byron, Ga.), were stored in sterile (autoclaved) soil at 25° C. for two weeks, at which time diseased larvae were removed. The first type is when the adult weevils puncture the nuts in early August, causing the nuts to fall after two or three days. 0000002283 00000 n Grubs overwinter in earthen cells in the ground. 0000034866 00000 n Holloway et al. The pecan weevil, Curculio caryae (Horn), is a dangerous nut pest of pecan found throughout the southern United States and portions of Texas. In late fall and early winter, about 42 days after eggs are laid, full-grown larvae chew a 1/8 diameter hole in the shell and drop to the ground. The pecan weevil burrows into the nut before the shell hardens and lays eggs, then worms hatch from the eggs and devour the nut. From the Southwest Yard & Garden series. Pecan weevil: suppression of larvae with the fungi Metarrhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana and the nematode Neoaplectana dutkyi. Hosts. The head is yellow to brown. Adult weevils and larvae overwinter in the soil. Pecan weevils are scientifically called as Curculio caryae. The main type of damage is caused by larvae feeding within the nut. 28 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 30 /H [ 920 224 ] /L 280752 /E 108681 /N 5 /T 280074 >> endobj xref 28 24 0000000016 00000 n Later damage caused by larvae feeding on the developing kernels makes the nuts worthless. Before shell hardening, treat if high numbers of weevils are seen or if nut drop caused by weevil feeding is high. ... Larvae on pecan feed in phylloxera galls in spring. The larvae are cream colored grubs with reddish heads. Pecan and hickory Damage. 1). Habitat and Food Source(s): Mouthparts are for chewing. 0000003436 00000 n Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser) strain A11, S. feltiae (Filipjev) strain SN, and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Poinar strains HP88 and Georgia were tested for their efficacy as biological control agents of the pecan weevil, Curculio caryae (Horn), in pecan orchard soil-profile containers under greenhouse conditions. The main type of damage is caused by larvae feeding within the nut. 79 tory conditions and reported 80, 86, and 75% larval mortality, respectively, after 28-35 days. No other insects develop in pecan kernels in the field, although larvae of several pests, such as the Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), can infest stored pecans. Abstract Neoaplectana dutkyi and 2 species of fungi were evaluated in laboratory and field tests as pathogens of Curcubio caryae larvae. from Ontario, Canada (Foott and Timmins 1984). Harned, R. W. 1929. Pecan weevils cause two types of damage. Pecan weevil (Curculio caryae) Figure 3 Adult pecan weevil on a mature nut. Each female weevil can oviposit 30 to 54 eggs; therefore, one weevil could affect as many as 15 to 27 or as few as 7 to 13 pecans, assuming there are two to four larvae per nut, respectively. Between late September and December larvae exit nuts through a small circular hole, drop to the ground and burrow into the soil to a depth of 4-12 inches. Pecan trees are common in eastern North Carolina. INTRODUCTION THE PECAN weevil, Curculio caryae (Horn), attacks green maturing nuts in late summer and damages them by making feeding and oviposition punctures. Two to four larvae within each infested nut can easily destroy the entire kernel. pecan weevil Curculio caryae (Horn) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) can be a serious direct pest of pecan nuts across much of the southern U.S.A. All North American Carya spp. Pest Status: Larvae feed in developing pecan nuts, causing yield loss. The larvae are cream colored grubs with reddish heads. ture 4: Several larvae can be found in each infested nut. Description The adult is a brownish weevil about 3/8 inch long. One of the most devastating insects on pecans is the pecan weevil. Grovenburg, W. G., D. J. Boethel, and R. D. Eikenbary. The adults can live up to 8 weeks, during which time the female can lay up to 200 eggs. The larvae emerge from the nuts about 42 days after the eggs are deposited. Larger chestnut weevil grubs chew an exit hole in the side of the nut and drop to the ground usually before the nuts fall. Description The adult is a brownish weevil about 3/8 inch long. Once the larvae hatch, they feed on the kernel for about 35 days. If not managed, this weevil can cause severe economic damage to your pecan operation that could last for multiple years. When fully grown, larvae reach a length of 3/5 inch (Fig. Occasionally, a small number of pecan weevil larvae will undergo a two-year diapause which extends the life cycle an additional year. 0000001144 00000 n Larval stages develop in more developed nuts (dough stage), destroying the kernels. For more information on pecan weevil control and other research-based orchard management practices, consult OSU Extension fact sheets, available online and through all county Extension offices . Common Name: Pecan weevil Description: Adult pecan weevil adults are 3/8 inch long, brownish beetles with snouts as long as the body. Descriptions of Larvae Pecan Weevil Larvae (Curculio caryae) These robust, dirty white, somewhat C-shaped larvae are up to 5/8 inch in length when fully grown. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. 0000006107 00000 n Attraction of the pecan weevil to the synthetic boll weevil pheromone. Adults can be sampled with emergence traps in the soil or with a beating sheet. Grubs overwinter in earthen cells in the ground. When nuts reach the dough stage of development, mated females lay 2-4 eggs in separate pockets within the kernels. early egg-laying period, from early August to mid-September. 11). Adults of pecan weevil generally emerge from soil in late July to August and move in the tree canopy by either crawling on the trunk or directly flying. 1974. Pecan weevil larvae can be found inside infested pecan nuts before and after nuts are removed or fall from the tree. They have reddish-brown head capsules and chewing jaws (Figure 3). After eggs hatch, young legless larvae feed for about 30-35 days inside pecans. The first type is when the adult weevils puncture the nuts in early August, causing the nuts to fall after two or three days. Descriptions of Larvae Pecan Weevil Larvae (Curculio caryae) These robust, dirty white, somewhat C-shaped larvae are up to 5/8 inch in length when fully grown. Common Name: Pecan weevil Scientific Name: Curculio caryae (Horn) Order: Coleoptera Description: Adult pecan weevil adults are 3/8 inch long, brownish beetles with snouts as long as the body. 1984. Pecan weevil: suppression of larvae with the fungi Metarrhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana and the nematode Neoaplectana dutkyi. But it does cause the nuts to be inedible. Pecan weevil pupa. The pecan weevil causes two types of damage. Pecan weevils damage nuts in two ways. Learn how to identify damage to pecans caused by the pecan weevil. Oklahoma Pecan Growers Assoc. If not contained, the pest could affect the state’s pecan industry’s economic impact. Ovipositional damage. Larger chestnut weevil grubs chew an exit hole in the side of the nut and drop to the ground usually before the nuts fall. Pecan weevil larvae devour a harvestable pecan. Pecan weevils damage nuts in two ways. They are found in the nuts during late summer and early fall and can be found in the soil beneath infested trees during the rest of the year. The pecan weevil, Curculio caryae is a serious economic pest of pecans (Caryae illinoensis).In late summer, the weevil attacks maturing nuts and damages them when making feeding and/or oviposition punctures. The egg is attached to the shuck with a creamy white substance visible on the shuck surface. Ma-ture larvae may be about 1/3 to a little over 1/2 inch long. ture 4: Several larvae can be found in each infested nut. 0000001517 00000 n 1987; Holloway 1980. They burrow into the soil and construct a cell where they remain for 8 to 10 months before pupating and transform to adults, although some larvae do not pupate and transform to adults until the following year. Early damage causes these nuts to fall to the ground prior to maturity. Pecan weevils cause two types of damage. Larvae are fat, creamy-white, legless, C-shaped grubs, 9-15 mm long, with reddish-brown heads. "?��Y���< UI^�!�"�!�� h��N���e�S�[C�%�X���4��"ߥi�4*��3^�+t�G/q,CcʣNA�7���+r653����wg��6Ԃ/k�S�7� tC���ȹZ3m���@&�+�o+���&Tb�bJ:i� 9��5p����WYv�D?���&�c�ߏ�7���.�����Jڡ��'uhk�|9������L}FP�x]C!Q;lɣ�;K] The pecan weevil, Curculio caryae is a serious economic pest of pecans (Caryae illinoensis).In late summer, the weevil attacks maturing nuts and damages them when making feeding and/or oviposition punctures. Later in the season when pecan nuts are present, moths deposit eggs singly on the nuts. The objective in a pecan weevil integrated pest management (IPM) program is to prevent female weevils from laying eggs in nuts. Abstract Neoaplectana dutkyi and 2 species of fungi were evaluated in laboratory and field tests as pathogens of Curcubio caryae larvae. • Pecan weevil larvae are legless, plump, and creamy white, and their bodies have multiple segments. Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser) strain A11, S. feltiae (Filipjev) strain SN, and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Poinar strains HP88 and Georgia were tested for their efficacy as biological control agents of the pecan weevil, Curculio caryae (Horn), in pecan orchard soil-profile containers under greenhouse conditions. Beneficial nematodes for control of pecan weevils. Circle traps are useful for weevil monitoring, providing good indications of weevil presence and abundance within an orchard. Traps can be obtained for around $18 each from Pecan Ag Equipment in Bristow, Oklahoma (1-918-367-5529). Although feeding Beneficial nematodes for control of pecan weevils. Hickory shuckworm, Cydia caryana (Fitch) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), larvae occur in shucks of pecan nuts. Acorns of live oaks in urban areas of North Central Texas are sometimes 100 percent infested by larvae of acorn weevils. One to four larvae develop inside each nut and destroy the entire kernel. Choose blocks that have known history of pecan weevil infestations for monitoring. Pecan [Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.)K. Hosts. Ovipositional damage. Life cycle The adult PW typically emerges from the soil as early as July 25, frequently two to three days after a heavy rain. Descriptions of Larvae Pecan Weevil Larvae (Curculio caryae) These robust, dirty white, somewhat C-shaped larvae are up to 5/8 inch in length when fully grown. “A female weevil can produce 30-54 eggs, so several nuts can be affected from each egg hatch,” Mulder said. 0000012875 00000 n Four life stages of the pecan weevil. One to four larvae develop inside each nut and destroy the entire kernel. 4). 11). Feeding during the water stage prior to shell hardening causes damaged nuts to drop. Circle traps are useful for weevil monitoring, providing good indications of weevil presence and abundance within an orchard. Ma-ture larvae may be about 1/3 to a little over 1/2 inch long. First, they feed on the young nuts in late summer, causing some to drop early still in their husks and never complete development. They spend one to two years in th… If not contained, the pest could affect the state’s pecan industry’s economic impact. Pecan weevil is considered the most significant insect pest of pecan producers. early egg-laying period, from early August to mid-September. H��W˒۸��+�$Sj6�����Ljf�RYx��(HB�M� d��o$�{/ ����$r���s���߬7�8��W�H�����]��'+�"�J�yY=~�%k-=�2�������`Wi��i�6��.�9��?�V��oJ��.��cų�﮲:M�~� )e��C�p�K� nd �����\���Q�G�:���::!��CjRV�MR�)�g�[_� �#t��خ�'mG��Ө���������'�������BMӤ�gT�M�n}�����hsT�z���Y������i� p�R�H���i�N��&Γ*:�P�*�*��^�I����d��N螽�u�EC�&EdG6�G�J���, �m�x��q����3�8����:�~���,�み�zT;�q���d��I]���`Hpg(a�=ؙ��g�4��Zc�oRF>�OZՏ.xSD�vS�����*��u�a2_ô���ǁ��#��o��I�Q��Y Adult weevils feeding and egg laying on developing (water stage) pecan nuts, causing them to drop from the tree. 0000000827 00000 n The pecan weevil, Curculio caryae (Horn), is perhaps the most damaging insect in the majority of pecan-producing states in the U.S. Lesser weevil grubs eat through the shells after the nuts drop. Pecan Weevil, Curculio caryae ... Eggs hatch in 5 to 7 days and the larvae feed for 2 to 3 weeks before leaving the nut. In 1986, W. L. Tedders recov- ered H. bacteriophora Poinar Georgia strain from dead, reddish-colored weevil larvae found in a pecan orchard at Byron, Geor- Larvae and pupae become common in flower beds and gardens in which acorns have fallen. Prior to shell hardening, feeding punctures by adults cause immature pecans to fall from the trees. 0000003833 00000 n Pecan and hickory Damage. Descriptions of Larvae Pecan Weevil Larvae (Curculio caryae) These robust, dirty white, somewhat C-shaped larvae are up to 5/8 inch in length when fully grown. Pecan Weevil in Oklahoma Figure 1. 0000002733 00000 n • In terms of familiar objects, adult pecan weevils and ... Larvae on pecan feed in phylloxera galls in spring. It has also been observed to infest one Juglans species, the Persian walnut, Juglans regia. Before shell hardening, treat if high numbers of weevils are seen or if nut drop caused by weevil feeding is high. Pecan Weevil. Pieces of burlap bags or other cloth tied around a pecan tree trunk in late August so that a flap (appearing as an upside-down V in cross section) is formed will trap adult weevils crawling up the tree trunk after they emerge from the soil, where they can be collected. It has also been observed to infest one Juglans species, the Persian walnut, Juglans regia. Where it is found in Texas, the pecan weevil is the most damaging late-season pecan pest. Order: Coleoptera. Pecan weevil (Curculio caryae) Figure 3 Adult pecan weevil on a mature nut. Several species occur, but the most common is Curculio fulvus Chittenden (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). 0000032111 00000 n Workers at an Otero County pecan cleaning plant noticed pecans with round holes about the diameter of a BB pellet, which are the pecan weevil's emergence holes. Note that many pecan growing areas are facing dry conditions, and this may result in drought-delayed emergence well beyond the normal emergence time for this pest, particularly in … 11). Pecan Weevil, Curculio caryae ... Eggs hatch in 5 to 7 days and the larvae feed for 2 to 3 weeks before leaving the nut. 0000092691 00000 n Early damage causes these nuts to fall to the ground prior to maturity. Adults cause two types of nut damage, depending on the stage of nut development during attack. The use of polyvinyl acetate as a barrier to the pecan weevil larvae. First, they feed on the young nuts in late summer, causing some to drop early still in their husks and never complete development. One prime example is the so-called plum curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar), which is a serious pest on a wide variety of stone fruits. Koch] (Fagales: Juglandaceae) is an economically important North American nut crop ().The pecan weevil, Curculio caryae (Horn) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is a key pecan pest affecting orchard nutmeat yield and quality throughout the Southeastern United States, and portions of Texas and Oklahoma (Payne and Dutcher 1985). Larvae or grubs are legless, creamy white and have reddish-brown heads which grow to 3/5 inch long. From the Southwest Yard & Garden series. Adult and larval acorn weevils are similar in appearance to pecan weevils and often occur around homes surrounded by oak trees. One of the most devastating insects on pecans is the pecan weevil. The larvae are cream colored grubs with reddish heads. 79 tory conditions and reported 80, 86, and 75% larval mortality, respectively, after 28-35 days. Traps can be obtained for around $18 each from Pecan Ag Equipment in Bristow, Oklahoma (1-918-367-5529). Both the adult and larval stages of pecan weevil cause a serious damage to pecan nuts. The pecan weevil causes two types of damage. 4). For more information on pecan weevil control and other research-based orchard management practices, consult OSU Extension fact sheets, available online and through all county Extension offices . Adult weevils become active in August and early September. The larvae hatch from the eggs and feed inside the nut, destroying the kernel (Fig. Google Scholar. Life Cycle: Adult weevils and full grown larvae spend the winter in cells, 4 to 12 inches deep in the soil. The pecan weevil has a predominantly 2-year life cycle co-inciding with masting by its Carya host. Figure 7. 0000032189 00000 n Pecan weevils are scientifically called as Curculio caryae. They are found in the nuts during late summer and early fall and can be found in the soil beneath infested trees during the rest of the year. Its larvae (soft, white grubs without legs) and white pupae are similar to those of the rice and maize weevil. INTRODUCTION THE PECAN weevil, Curculio caryae (Horn), attacks green maturing nuts in late summer and damages them by making feeding and oviposition punctures. These species can be a problem in the production of oak trees from seed. Workers at an Otero County pecan cleaning plant noticed pecans with round holes about the diameter of a BB pellet, which are the pecan weevil's emergence holes. Biological Control of the Pecan Weevil: Smith et al. They are found in the nuts during late summer and early fall and can be found in the soil beneath infested trees during the rest of the year. 0000003169 00000 n Creamy white, legless grubs with reddish-brown heads were also found inside pecans infested with pecan weevil larvae. • In terms of familiar objects, adult pecan weevils and Scientific Name: Curculio caryae (Horn) Life Cycle and Biology The pecan weevil exhibits four life stages: egg, larva, pupa and adult (Figure 1) and it requires two to three years to complete one generation. The arid Southwest (West Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California) has not yet had an established population of weevil develop. Proc. 0000001716 00000 n Pecan trees are common in eastern North Carolina. Because the larvae, pupae and adults are covered with 4 to 12 inches of soil and pesticides cannot reach larvae inside the nuts, management of these life stages is not practical. In most years, larvae damage results in the most yield loss. But it does cause the nuts to be inedible. It occurs only in north central Texas and is absent from Waco toward the Gulf coast; medically harmless. The pecan weevil, Curculio caryae (Horn), is a dangerous nut pest of pecan found throughout the southern United States and portions of Texas. 0000002511 00000 n Pecan weevil is considered the most significant insect pest of pecan producers. (A) Eggs, circled; (B) 4th instar larva; (C) Pupa inside earthen cell and (D) Adult female on pecan. The larvae are cream colored grubs with reddish heads. They are found in the nuts during late summer and early fall and can be found in the soil beneath infested trees during the rest of the year. After shell hardening, treat when weevils begin to emerge and continue spraying at 7-10 days interval especially following rainy days. The female’s snout is as long as its body; the male’s snout is somewhat shorter (Fig. Pecan weevil adults damage pecan each year just before and after initiation of kernel development by feeding directly on the nuts and by oviposition (Boethel and Eikenbary 1979). The entire life cycle takes 2 or 3 years. The head is yellow to brown. The pecan weevil, Curculio caryae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is an obligate feeder on the nuts of North American hickories and pecans (Carya species), most widely recognized as an economically important pest of the pecan, Carya illinoinensis (Fagales: Juglandaceae). The pecan weevil is a pest to start controlling in August and September to prevent discovering problems later this year. Both the adult and larval stages of pecan weevil cause a serious damage to pecan nuts. The larvae leave the nut and burrow into the soil, remaining there for two to three years before emerging as adults to commence another cycle. Feeding during the water stage prior to shell hardening causes damaged nuts to drop. The pecan weevil will also breed in hickory nuts. Adults remain in cells and emerge from the soil a year later. are susceptible to this indigenous pest ( Ring et al., 1991 ). The head is yellow to brown. 0000001123 00000 n Their presence does not stop development of the pecan so they may make it into the harvest. The adult is a brownish weevil, about 3/8 inch long. They have reddish-brown head capsules and chewing jaws (Figure 3). Where it is found in Texas, the pecan weevil is the most damaging late-season pecan pest. Choose blocks that have known history of pecan weevil infestations for monitoring. The pecan weevil is a pest to start controlling in August and September to prevent discovering problems later this year. Weevil larvae feeding in a pecan nut. Pecan Weevil. i��qO�sxٱ�|S�F�U-a�]G0�����J���1��9̋ӳ�>c�Y�+?��Q}���f����K�1�O�E��=4���c�n�d�w�a�S�S���{��0i�e/��u�v�Q��0��w�!^g8�A}3��/M������Q��* ������zS&�[,��ϙp��?�m �α�-V�픻�ٶ�A����o����Nو���(�+\@[͍N�ql~��PO"��(�є��ѯ_�T^�:��+���-K�E�d������nt���de��ѷ�`��?Ǘ!�L�K�3��u���e (�G0Ր�����T���5é�3��� |]�j����3"�C��SEz�VR(ؖ���. As of 1999, pecan weevil had been found in 131 Texas counties (Fig. Weevil larvae feeding in a pecan nut. Please keep in mind that the original opening on the trap top was designed for the boll weevil, which is a much smaller weevil, so be sure to check that the opening is somewhat enlarged for the larger pecan weevil. Pecan South 2(5): 194–196. 11). (year 3). Their presence does not stop development of the pecan so they may make it into the harvest. Nuts infested with larvae result in complete destruction of the kernel (Calcote 1975). Biological Control of the Pecan Weevil: Smith et al. One prime example is the so-called plum curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar), which is a serious pest on a wide variety of stone fruits. Literature: Crocker et al. Pecan Weevil, Curculio caryae Hosts: The only economic host is the pecan where feeding and breeding take place in the developing nuts. Please keep in mind that the original opening on the trap top was designed for the boll weevil, which is a much smaller weevil, so be sure to check that the opening is somewhat enlarged for the larger pecan weevil. Pecan Weevil, Curculio caryae Hosts: The only economic host is the pecan where feeding and breeding take place in the developing nuts. Larvae or grubs are legless, creamy white and have reddish-brown heads which grow to 3/5 inch long. 0000000920 00000 n H�b```��|a� bE8:]NM�0=��� �L( b(f`P��0,``�˰��H20�1lg�+����A��OC�O\[�vD�8�� ��� #B� endstream endobj 51 0 obj 112 endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 25 0 R /Resources 31 0 R /Contents 41 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 31 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC ] /Font << /TT2 36 0 R /TT4 32 0 R /TT6 33 0 R /TT8 39 0 R >> /XObject << /Im1 48 0 R /Im2 49 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 44 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 38 0 R >> >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 32 /Widths [ 250 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /BEPPJD+TimesNewRoman,BoldItalic /FontDescriptor 34 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 151 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 0 0 250 333 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 0 278 0 0 0 0 0 722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 389 722 611 889 722 722 556 0 667 556 611 722 0 944 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 278 500 278 778 500 500 500 500 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500 444 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 444 444 0 0 1000 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /BEPPKF+TimesNewRoman /FontDescriptor 37 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 0 /Descent -216 /Flags 98 /FontBBox [ -547 -307 1206 1032 ] /FontName /BEPPJD+TimesNewRoman,BoldItalic /ItalicAngle -15 /StemV 133 /FontFile2 42 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 656 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -558 -307 2034 1026 ] /FontName /BEPPIB+TimesNewRoman,Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 133 /FontFile2 43 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 0 0 0 0 0 0 722 0 722 722 0 0 0 778 0 0 0 667 944 0 0 611 0 0 0 667 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 556 444 556 444 333 500 556 278 0 0 278 833 556 500 556 0 444 389 333 556 500 0 0 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /BEPPIB+TimesNewRoman,Bold /FontDescriptor 35 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 656 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -568 -307 2028 1007 ] /FontName /BEPPKF+TimesNewRoman /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 94 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 47 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj [ /ICCBased 45 0 R ] endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 0 444 0 444 0 0 0 278 0 0 278 0 0 500 0 0 389 0 0 500 0 0 0 444 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /BEPPPF+TimesNewRoman,Italic /FontDescriptor 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 0 /Descent -216 /Flags 98 /FontBBox [ -498 -307 1120 1023 ] /FontName /BEPPPF+TimesNewRoman,Italic /ItalicAngle -15 /StemV 0 /FontFile2 46 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Length 1977 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream

pecan weevil larvae

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